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应对美国贸易战的最优选择是深化改革开放

2019-08-21 15:41 来源:千华 网

  应对美国贸易战的最优选择是深化改革开放

  HuangJiajia,founderandCEOof51Talk[]51Talk,aleadingonlineEnglishtrainingplatforminChina,planstorecruitmorePhilippineteacherstoteachChinesekidsandexpanditsproductlinestomorethirdandfourth-tiercitiesinthecomingyears,boostedbytheconvenienceofonlinelearningandqualityofPhilippineteachers."Wesetouttoadd100,000Philippineonlineteachersinthenextfiveyears,"saidHuangJiajia,,thecompanyhasover12,000Philippineteachers,IIIalsosaidthisFebruarytherewere300,000jobsforoverseasFilipinoworkersandathirdoftheavailablejobsareforEnglishteachers,addingthereisabigdemandforEnglishteachersinChina,,Beijing-based51TalkapitalManila,Bacolod,Davao,chers,someparentsmaydoubttheFilipinopronunciationstyle,butHuangsaidstereotypesaboutFilipinosshouldberethought,,frominitialinterviewtofinalappointment,,whichreferstotheNorthAmericandesignationforstudentsfromkindergartenthrough12thgrade,,stimulatingthestronggrowthofotherbrandssuchasVIPKID,,Huangsaidbenigncompetitionwasactuallyconducivetogrowthoftheindustry,andchildrenandparentscouldchoosetheirmostdesiredcourses.,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

ParentsandfamilymembersawaitstudentsoutsidetheentrancetoanexaminationsiteinHaian,Jiangsuprovince,[XuJinbai/ForChinaDaily]Moststudentsin8yearsturnoutfornationalcollege-entrancetestThenationalcollegeentranceexam-amake-or-breakopportunityforChinesestudents-startedonThursday,withasurgeintesttakersthisyearduetothe"babyboom",350,000morethanin2017andthehighestnumberineightyears,,knowninChineseasgaokao,ispivotalforhighschoolstudents,asitdetermineswhichuniversitiestheywillbeabletoapplyto-,aseniorresearcherattheNationalInstituteofEducationSciences,saidmanyofthosetakingthegaokaothisyearwerebornin2000,whe,anumberexceededonlyin2016--whenChinabegantoallowallcouplestohavetwochildren,,,18,fromtheHighSchoolAffiliatedtoRenminUniversityofChina,saidtakingthegaokaoisanimportantandunforgettableexperienceandmadehera"morematureperson".HergoalistobeenrolledintheCentralAcademyofFineArtsmajoringinarthistory."Preparingfortheexamoverthepastthreeyearsmademerealizethataslongasyoureallyputeffortintoagoal,youwillsucceed,",19,fromthesameschool,saidaftertakingherfirstsetofexamsthatthequestionswereeasierthansheimaginedandherhardworkinpreparation"haspaidoff"."Therewaslesspressureonme,asIcanchoosetogoabroadifIdonotscorehighingaokao,",fromBeijingBacuiBilingualSchool,said"seeingeveryonefightingforthesamegoalhasmademeamorediligentperson"andthathemadesomeofhisbestfriends,,someparentschattedwitheachother,ontheChineselanguage."Iwantmysontoseemeassoonashewalksoutofthetestroomsohewillbemorerelaxed,"saidYangYan,"Thewholefamilyisrootingforhim,"saidYang,whoworeatraditionalqipao,orcheongsam,ForeignMinistryspokeswomanHuaChunying.[Photo/]TheministryscommentscameafterUSPresidentDonaldTrumpsadministrationannouncedonTuesdayitwillimposea25percenttariffon$50billiono,theMinistryofCommerc,theUSdelegationofmorethan50peoplewilltalkwithChinasteamaboutimplementingtheconsensusreachedinthejointstatement,:"Wewouldliketoseebothsidesputthethreatofsanctionsontheeconomyandjobs."Weneedsolutionsthatwillputthetraderelationshiponasounderpathformutualprosperity,,",analystsexpectatoughjobaheadforthethirdromicinterestsbeforethetalksstartinBeijing,saidZhouQiangwu,directoroftheinternationaleconomicsandfinanceinstituteattheMinistryofFinance."TheUS-Chinatradefrictioncouldevolveintofar-reachingdisputes,"GoldmanSachsanalystssaidinareport."Furthermore,suchtradetensionsmaynotfadeawayeasily,giventheurgencypossiblybeingfeltbyUSpolicymakerswhohadexpectedmorepoliticalconvergencefromChina."TheUSthreatscamejustove"onhold".HiscommentfollowedacommitmentbyChinato,aresearcherattheInternationalTradeandEconomicCooperationInstituteoftheMinistryofCommerce,saidChinashouldpreparefortheworst,sbehav,asthecountrysexportsthataresubjecttopotentialUStariffshavelowaddedvalue,saidTengJianqun,directoroftheDepartmentforAmericanStudiesattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,aftercheckingthelatestlistrenewedbytheUS.

  CaiMeng/ForChinaDailyChinawillevaluatetheinfluenceoftherenewedthreatofrestrictionstheUnitedStateshasplacedonChineseinvestmentandexportsandwillreservetherighttotakecountermeasures,lesandspiritoftheWorldTradeOrganization,ievesthetwocountrie,theWhiteHousesaiditwouldplaceinvestmentrestrictionsandtougherexportcontrolsonChinesepeopleandentitiespurchasingindnfollowingtalksinWashingtonandthetwocountriesissuedajointstatementonMay20,theadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumpsaiditwouldannouncethelistofimportssubjecttotariffsandpronegotiatingteamswouldmeeteach,chairmanandchiefexecutiveofUSinvestmentbankMorganStanley,saiditisworthnotingthattheUS-ChinatradedisputesaretakingplacewithinabroaderglobalcontextoftheUShavingtradediscussionswiththeEuropeancountries,talkingaboutredefiningtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreementandhavingwithdrawnfromtheTrans-PacificPartnershipagreement."sconstructivetothelargesteconomyintheworldtofindasolutiontotradedisputeswithoutthembecomingamajoreconomiccrisis,""AmericaFirst"agenda,Chinahasbeenpromotingglobalfreetradeandrampingupdomesticreforms,theAmericanChamberofCommerceinChinasatingrowth,thankstocontinuouseffortsbytheChinsexecutivemeetingonWednesday,ChinasdomesticconsumptionwillsurpassthatoftheUSthisyear,andvisionarycompanieswillnotwanttomisstheprospectoftheChinesemarket,Forstration,aresearcherattheCommerceMinistrysInternationalTradeandEconomicCooperationInstitute,said,"Chinacanacceptmeasuresthatcomplywithinternationalrules,butitwillnotacceptthosecomingfromanothercountrysdomesticlaw.""WemustprepareforallpossiblecontingenciestodealwiththeTrumpadministrationscapriciousacts,"Meisaid."ExternalinterferencebytheUScannotdeterChinaspaceoffurtheropeningandupgradingitseconomy,"saidChenWenling,cts,shesaid,butunderpinnedbyChinasfirmstancetofurtherenrichanddiversifythenationaleconomyviareformandopening-uppolicies.-thefirstSino-Kazakhcoproduction-ofXiandKazakhPre,thetwocountriestopleadersalsometsomecrewandcastmembers,includingChineseA-listersHuJun,YuanQuan,andKazakhactorBerikAitzhanov,aswellasJonathanShen,founderandCEOoftheBeijing-basedShineworkPictures,andSerikZhubandykov,seniorvice-presidentofKazakhfilmJSC,,HuplaysXian,actressYuanplaysXianswifeQianYunlingandAitzhanovplaysBakhitzhanBaykadamov,aKazakhcomposerandXian,theideaofthefilmcamefromXisspeechmadeatNazarbayevUniversityonSept7,,duringhisstatevisittoKazakhstan,XitoldastorytoexplainwhythereisanavenuenamedafterXianinthecountry,atthestartofGreatPatrioticWarin1941,XianwasintheformerSovietUniontocomposescoresforadocumentarytitledYanywherehereceivedhelpfromBaykadamov,ar,XiancomposedmanyworksincludingLiberationoftheNation,SacredWar,,,Shensaysthatthemovieisthecompanysfirstfilminitsbidt,ShineworkplanstoproducetheSino-RussianBladesofSteel,andTsunami,ized,,thecapitalofKazakhstan,,generalmanagerofShinework,saysthefilminglastedforaroundfiveandahalfmonths,andthemovieisnowinitspostproductionphase."ThemovieissettoopensimultaneouslyinChinaandKazakhstanbytheendofthisyear,"-whoisfamiliartoChineseaudienceforhistough-manroles-waschosentoplaythelead,WangsaysHusfondnessforplayin,XiansstrengthandcharacterplayedaroleinHugettingthepart,,shesays:"AlthoughXianisamusician,heis,suchasthehouseholdYellowRiverCantataandOnTheTaihangMountains."So,Hustoughtemperamentiswhatweneededfortheprotagonist."Inthemovie,HuneededtospeakalotofRussian,,andthemovieisdirectedbyveteranfilmmakerXierzatiYahefufromtheXinjiangUygurautonomousregion,whosesignaturefilmsGenuineLoveandFlowerhavereceivedacclaiminastringofoverseasfestivals.

  TechniciansinspectgasfacilitiesinHorgos,NorthwestChinasXinjiangUygurautonomousregion.[Photo/Xinhua]GreaterscopeforcooperationwithmemberstatesofSCOChinasrisingdemandfornon-pollutingnaturalgasisexpectedtospurtradetieswiththememberstatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization,analystssaid."Gas-richcountriesincludingRussiaandCentralAsiannationswillplayasignificantroleinthenaturalgastradecooperationwithChina,withpipelinegasimportsfromCentralAsiaandRussiaexpectedtototal85billioncubicmetersby2020,"saidWangLu,anAsia-PacificoilandgasanalystatBloombergIntelligence."Weestimateimports,ledbyState-ownedoilmajorssuchasChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporationandprivatecompaniessuchasGuanghuiEnergy,maygrowata17percentaverageannualratebetween2017and2020,"shesaid."ConsideringChinasdependenceonimportstosatisfygasdemandwillriseto75percentin2020from57percentin2017,Chinashighergas-consumptiongoalswillbefulfilledbyhigherimports."DespitethefactthatgasproductiongrowthatChinaNationalPetroleumCorpandChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorpissettosurpassthatofoilbetween2018to2020thankstothedevelopmentofshalegas,domesticproductionandpipelineimportswontbeenoughtosatisfyChinasgrowinggasappetite,resultingincontinuousgrowthinnaturalgasimports,investmentsinrecentyearswiththeSCOmembers,includingtheYamalliquifiednaturalgasprojectintheArcticregionofRussiabetweenCNPC,thecountryslargestoilandgasproducerbyannualoutput,andNovatek,Russiasfirstintegratedprojectforpolarnaturalgasexploration,development,liquefactionandtransportation,YearthroughitsChina-RussiaEast-RouteNaturalGasPipelinebytheendof2020,whenthepipelineiscompletedIthasalsosteppe,whichrunsthroughChina,Turkmenistan,KazakhstanandUzbekistan,ein2017,,especiallyRussia,KazakhstanandUzbekistan,playcomplementaryrolesasimporterandproducersofnaturalgas,withChinaseeingsurgingdemandinthedomesticmarket,saidLiLi,energyresearchdirectoratICISChina,aconsultingcompanythatprovidesanalysisofChinabridgethedemand-supplygapamongSCOmembersandhelpmakeSCOmembersstronger,,ChinahasalwaysregardedthememberstatesofSCOasaprioritypartnerforenergycooperation,asChinahasbeenatopbuyerandstrategicpartneroftheabundantoilandgasresourcesfromRussiaandCentralAsia,whileChinasfinancialsupportfrominstitutionsinclusnecessarytoupgradethecountryspipelines,storagefacilitiesandtransportationnetworkstoensuregassupply,shesaid.ThesuiciderateacrosstheUnitedStateshasrisen30percentsince1999,andnearly45,000peopletooktheirlivesin2016,,withsignificantincreasesin44ofthe50states,saidthereportbytheUSCentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC).Earlierthisweek,AmericanhandbagdesignerKateSpade,55,tookherownlife,s,als,everyonecanplayar,andisrarelycausedbyasinglefactor,,whichspanned1999to2016,foundthatmorethanhalfofpeoplewhokilledthemselve,substancemisuse;physicalhealthproblems;andjob,money,legalorhousingstress,,,,Washington,,,,thetopUSpublichealthagency,saidindividualstatesneedtodomoretoboostsu:government,publichealth,healthcare,employers,education,mediaandcommunityorganizations,itadded,urgingthoseinterestedinlearningthewarningsignstovisit.

PengChao,adisabledstudentfromSichuanprovince,/ForChinaDailyThisweek,millionsofhopefulswilltakethegruelingcollegeentryexam,butforonegroup,itpresentsanevengreaterchallenge,,Chinasnationalcollegeentranceexam,,whoundertakeasmanyasthreedaysofintensiveteststhat,inmanycases,,itisoftsity;onetrackisstandard,reamestablishmentsaslongasthey"areabletoadapt",,inrecentyearsthecountryhasbeenprovidinggreaterassistanceforstudentswithdisabilities,especial,theMinistryofEducationpublishedanoticestipulatingthatexaminingbodiesshouldprovidethenecessaryassistancean,theministryandtheChinaDisabledPersonsFederationissuedaguidelinethatrequiredexaminingbodiesnationwidetooffer"reasonable"assistancetostudentswithdisabilitiestakingthetest,,blindandvisuallyimpairedstudentsshouldbeprovidedwithexampapersinBrailleorbearinglarge-printcharacters,whilethosewithhearingdisabilitiesareallowedtousehearingaidsandcanbeexempte,andthedurationofthetests,whichusuallylasttwoortwoandahalfhours,,5,626studentsappliedforassistanceofsomesortduringlastyear,sayingtheywillbetterservetheneedsofstudentswithdisabilities,buttheyalsocalledformoreassistancetailoredtomeetstudents,a23-year-oldfromGuangzhou,Guangdongprovince,,shespentthenightbeforethegaokaopracticingfillinginthesmallboxesonmultiplechoicepapers."Thetinyboxesontheanswersheetlookedlikeantstome,soinadditiontomakingsureIlearnedalltheacademicpoints,theotherthingIdidfrequentlywastofillinasmanyanswersheetsaspossible,soIwouldhaveenoughtimeduringtheexam,"shesaid.

  ThesuiciderateacrosstheUnitedStateshasrisen30percentsince1999,andnearly45,000peopletooktheirlivesin2016,,withsignificantincreasesin44ofthe50states,saidthereportbytheUSCentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC).Earlierthisweek,AmericanhandbagdesignerKateSpade,55,tookherownlife,s,als,everyonecanplayar,andisrarelycausedbyasinglefactor,,whichspanned1999to2016,foundthatmorethanhalfofpeoplewhokilledthemselve,substancemisuse;physicalhealthproblems;andjob,money,legalorhousingstress,,,,Washington,,,,thetopUSpublichealthagency,saidindividualstatesneedtodomoretoboostsu:government,publichealth,healthcare,employers,education,mediaandcommunityorganizations,itadded,urgingthoseinterestedinlearningthewarningsignstovisit.

  AworkerchecksoiltransportfacilitiesattheTarimBasininXinjiangUygurautonomousregion.[Photo/Xinhua]ChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorp,orSinopec,theworldslargestrefiner,expectscrudeoiltradebetweenChinaandtheUStoshowfurthergrowthastheworldstwobig,withmassivepotentialforfurthercooperation,saidLyuDapeng,,itwillbeawin-winforbothsides,,Sinopecisthecompanythatimportsthemostamountofcrudeoilworldwide,wistradingarmUnipecpurchased16millionbarrels,orabout533,000barrelsperday,ofUScrudeinJune,accordingtoReuters,rstoincreasevigilanceagainstrisks,andthecompanyisonlywillingtobuymorecrudeoiliftheUSoilremainsattractivelypricedcomparedwithglobalcompetition,esreduceitstradedeficitwithChina,whichwillinturnhelpeasethethreatoftradedisputesbetweentheworld,anAsia-PacificoilandgasanalystatBloombergIntelligence,saidoilandgasoffersolutionstocuttingtheUStradegapwithChinaasthecountriesworktowardawidertradeagreementandthereisalullintradedisputes."Record-highUSoiloutputandsurgingdemandforgasinChinaprovideafoundationtofurtherboosttradeinthelongrun,andwebelieveChinaissettobuymoreUSoil,extendinglastyearstrendandreducingthetradedeficit,"shesaid."WebelieveChinacanmorethandoubleitsoiltradewiththeUSthisyearfrom2017,whilehighervolumeandrisingoilpricesin2018maytriplethevalueoflastyearsoiltrade,whichwasworth$,stradedeficit.",settingthestageformoreexports,entageofChina,Followingitssuccessfulhostingofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitovertheweekend,Qingdao,Shandongprovince,islookingformoretradeopportunitieswithSCOcountries,especiallybyleveragingits"inlandports".TheinlandportsareareasalongtheSilkRoadEconomicBeltthatwouldimproveefficiencyandhelpclientsreducecosts."Itslikemovingtheportrighttothedoorsofcompaniesininlandareasandhelpingthemfindthemostconvenientestuary,"saidJiaoGuangjun,,theporthasestablished10inlandportsinZhengzhou,Henanprovince;Xian,Shaanxiprovince;anbedirectlytra,theportofQingdaoisbetterconnectedwithCentralAsia:CargounloadedattheportcanbetransportedtotheChinarailwaycontainertransportcenterinnorthernQingdaowheredailycross-borderfreighttrainsheadtoCentralAsiaandtoseveralEuropeanandSoutheastAsiancountries."ThefreighttraincanreachanydestinationinthefivecountriesofCentralAsiawithin14days,"saidWeiXuelun,deputygeneralmanagerofthecenterinQingdao."Theentirerailwaylinestretches4,500kilometers,,",pital,,Uzbekistan,Russia,Germany,Spain,"WebelievetheSCOQingdaoSummitwillfurtherfacilitateeconomicandtradelinksbetweenChinaandtherelatedcountries,"saidYuChentao,deputydirectorofthebusinessandinformationdepartmentofQingdaoPortGroup."QingdaowillembracemoreopportunitiesintheBeltandRoadInitiative,"Yusaid."ThePortofQingdaoislikelytobecomeagateconnectingCentralAsiatotherestoftheworld."

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]Themorningafter,,2018historicsummitbetweenUSPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKChairmanKimJong-un,,theDPRKonceapariahhermitstateiscomingoutstoliftthesanctionsMoreover,atwhatprice,andhowmuchaidwillAmericaneedtoprovidetheDPRKforthisimpoverishednationtoge‘nothing,’inglaborcostsofChina’,,RudiSirrbelievesthatthechallengewillnotbeinluringforeigninvestment.“ndustriesthatneedtogrowwithoutcreatingeitherunnecessarydebtorinflation,”tment,butconcernedthattheinvestmentswillcomeininanirrational’sintentionistocreateasystematicandcontrolledmeansofopeningtheeconomygradually,,“NorthKoreahaslearnedtolive,itmayactuallyproveabenefitastheysequencetheopeningon,unnecessarilyredundantinvestmentsandexternaldebtallofwhichcanbedestabilizingforthecountrysociallyeconomicallyandpolitically.”China’sBeltandRoadInitiativecanofferpracticalsolutionsfortheDPRK’“Chinasolution,”thefirstpriorityfortheDPRKshouldbetogettheinfrastructureinplaceforrai,transshipmentofRussiancoalfromSiberatoPuson’,,theDPRKhasamoreambitiousvisiontoextendthisraillinkallthewaytoSouthKoreathereby,theDPRKenvisionsthatthroughRajin,andtheoverlandrailnetworkextendingacrossSiberia,withaBRIupgrade,,,inancienttimes,’,everyoneinEastAsiahasaneconomicinterestinseeingsanctionsliftedagainsttheDPRKsotheycangetonanddobusiness.“Collectivelythisaffects600millionpeo,ifmanagedproperly,willsolvealotoftheDPRK’sproblems,”,therealquestioniswillWashingtonofferaclearandreasonableblueprinttoliftsanctionsThisiswhattheinvestmentbankersarewaitingfor,ternationalFellowattheCenterforChinaandGlobalization.

  CarryingForwasRepublicofChinaAtthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesofTheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdao,10June2018Dearcolleagues,InthislovelyseasonofJune,IamdelightedtowelcomeallofyoutothepicturesquecityofQingdaoforthe18thmeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO).Over2,500yearsago,Confucius,thegreatChinesephilosopher,hadthistosay:"Whatajoytohavefriendscomingfromafar!"ItisthereforeofspecialsignificancethatIhostmydistinguishedguestsinShandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius,,theSCOwillcelebrateits17thbirthday,anoccasionforustoreviewourorganization,guidedbytheSCOCharterandtheTreatyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationBetweentheMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization,wehaveforgedaconstructivepartnershipfeaturingnon-alliance,,wehaveachievedamajorbreakthroughinthetheoriesandpracticesofinternationalrelations,createdanewmodelforregionalcooperation,,theSCOstandsasacomprehensiveregionalcoopera%oftheglobaleconomyand40%ivecooperationlinkageswi,theSCOhasbecomeanimportantforceforpromotinggloba,inthefinalanalysis,isattributedtotheShanghaiSpirit,acreativevisioninitiatedandfollowedthroughbytheSCOthatchampionsmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,,transcendingoutdatedconceptssuchasclashofcivilizations,ColdWarandzero-summentality,hasopenedanewpageinthehistoryofinternationalrelationsandgainedincreasingendorsementoftheinternationalcommunity.[]Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  SongChen/ChinaDailyBothhistoricalandinternationalexperiencesshowthatonlybyfurtheropeninguptotheoutsid,thelevelandr,theirprocessofopening-uptocatchupwiththedevelopedworldgenerallygoesthroughthreephases:participation,sreformandopening-up,from1978to2008,,Chinasmaingoalwastointegratew,econsequencesofglobalfinancialandeconomiccrises,,Chinahasadoptednovelwaysofdevelopingprocessingtradeandmakingfulluseofforeigninvestments,becausetheadvantagesofabundantsupplyoflaborforprocessingtrade,inwhichforeign-fundedenterprisesholdthemajorityshare,canmaksexport-orientedstrategyisadvancedtechnologyandbecompetitiveintheiltbetweenthelaunchofreformandopening-upin1978andDengXiaopingsaccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganizationin2001,,,Chineseexportssawexplosivegrowth,thetradesurplusexpandedrapidly,,,China,Chinaseconomicgrowthsloweddown,,althoughChinaistheworldsbiggestexporterofgoods,,accumulationofforeignexchangereservesthroughtradesurplusesisnolongeroneofChina,tomaintainthetradebalance,,opening-upisnowaimedattransformingC,asforforeigninvestment,thefocusnowisonattractinghigh-soverseascapitalinvestmentisstilldominatedbyEastAsianeconomiessuchasHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan,,,Chinaisfocu,thescaleofChinesecompanies,Chinaiscapableoffurtheropeninguptoattractqualit,ithastosolvetheproblemofregionalimbalancesandtakemeasurestofacilitatethedevelopmentoftheservicesectorast,Chinacanactivelyparticipateinglobaleconomicgovernance,throughtheBeltandRoadInitiativeforexample,,Chinawillnotonlybeensuredofhelpingshapetheglobaleconomicandtradingrules,,newthinking,oreeffortstotakepartintbalancebetweenexportsandimports(whichmeansimportingmore).Italsostressesthatinnovationshouldbestrengthenedtohaveagreatersayintheglobalhigh-techmarket,,boosttheservicesector,notjustmanufacturing,andmakeeffortstoimprovetheglobaltradingrulesandraisethestatusofitstradepartnersalongtheBeltandRoad,ll2050,whenChinaislikelytobecomeagreat,modern,,Chinasdeterminationtoopenuptotheoutsideworldwillremainfirmwithnewthinking,,itwilltakeabout70yearstoreachthestageofmaturity,thatis,sjourneymaybelong,butitsdeterminationtofurtheropenupitseconomyremainsstrong,

  JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,AgraduatingstudentatahighschoolinFuyang,Anhuiprovince,preparesfortheupcomingnationalcollegeentranceexam,May29,2018.[Photo/VCG]Gaokao,thenationalcollegeentranceexam,isnottheonlyroutetoapromisingfutureforthoseborninthe2000s,,conductedbyportalwebsiteSina,suggestsoverhalfofrespondentsborninthe2000sbelievethegaokaoisnolongera"life-changingmatter".Nearlyhalfthepolledstudents—whowillsitfortheupcominggaokao—and70percentofintervi,,atraditionalwayforstudentstobeadmittedtoinstitutionsofhigherlearning,morethanone-fourthofthosepolledplantoreceivehighereducationthroughpursuingdegreesoverseas,,000students,,asthecollegeenrollmentrateinCemajorsthemselves,whileoverone-fourthalread,,scheduledforJune7and8.

  

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首页 > 中国财经 > 产业经济 > 天合光能IBC电池效率达24.13% 刷新业内纪录

天合光能IBC电池效率达24.13% 刷新业内纪录

中国金融信息网2019-08-2116:24分类:产业经济
CaiMeng/ForChinaDailyChinawillevaluatetheinfluenceoftherenewedthreatofrestrictionstheUnitedStateshasplacedonChineseinvestmentandexportsandwillreservetherighttotakecountermeasures,lesandspiritoftheWorldTradeOrganization,ievesthetwocountrie,theWhiteHousesaiditwouldplaceinvestmentrestrictionsandtougherexportcontrolsonChinesepeopleandentitiespurchasingindnfollowingtalksinWashingtonandthetwocountriesissuedajointstatementonMay20,theadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumpsaiditwouldannouncethelistofimportssubjecttotariffsandpronegotiatingteamswouldmeeteach,chairmanandchiefexecutiveofUSinvestmentbankMorganStanley,saiditisworthnotingthattheUS-ChinatradedisputesaretakingplacewithinabroaderglobalcontextoftheUShavingtradediscussionswiththeEuropeancountries,talkingaboutredefiningtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreementandhavingwithdrawnfromtheTrans-PacificPartnershipagreement."sconstructivetothelargesteconomyintheworldtofindasolutiontotradedisputeswithoutthembecomingamajoreconomiccrisis,""AmericaFirst"agenda,Chinahasbeenpromotingglobalfreetradeandrampingupdomesticreforms,theAmericanChamberofCommerceinChinasatingrowth,thankstocontinuouseffortsbytheChinsexecutivemeetingonWednesday,ChinasdomesticconsumptionwillsurpassthatoftheUSthisyear,andvisionarycompanieswillnotwanttomisstheprospectoftheChinesemarket,Forstration,aresearcherattheCommerceMinistrysInternationalTradeandEconomicCooperationInstitute,said,"Chinacanacceptmeasuresthatcomplywithinternationalrules,butitwillnotacceptthosecomingfromanothercountrysdomesticlaw.""WemustprepareforallpossiblecontingenciestodealwiththeTrumpadministrationscapriciousacts,"Meisaid."ExternalinterferencebytheUScannotdeterChinaspaceoffurtheropeningandupgradingitseconomy,"saidChenWenling,cts,shesaid,butunderpinnedbyChinasfirmstancetofurtherenrichanddiversifythenationaleconomyviareformandopening-uppolicies.

核心提示:记者5日从天合光能光伏科学与技术国家重点实验室获悉,其自主研发的大面积6英寸全背电极太阳电池(IBC)效率超过24%,达到24.13%,开路电压超过700mV。

新华社记者刘雪

上海(CNFIN.COM / XINHUA08.COM)--记者5日从天合光能光伏科学与技术国家重点实验室获悉,其自主研发的大面积6英寸全背电极太阳电池(IBC)效率超过24%,达到24.13%,开路电压超过700mV。这一结果经过了日本JET的第三方测试认证,标志着高效电池的研发创造全球业内新纪录。

全背电极电池是所有单结晶硅电池种类中工艺最复杂,结构设计难度最大的电池。与传统电池相比,尽管IBC电池正负极栅线均位于电池背面,无需考虑金属区的遮挡损失,也给发射结的设计带来更大的自由度,但随着电池转换效率的不断攀升,载流子注入浓度越来越高,相应地电池内部各个区域的复合损失都发生了显著的变化。因此这就需要结合制备工艺,在复合损失和光学损失间寻找最佳的平衡点。

天合光能光伏科学与技术国家重点实验室一直以研发低成本高效率太阳电池技术与产品作为出发点,长期致力于开发可量产的高效晶体硅太阳电池技术。在2016取得IBC电池最高23.5%,平均23%效率的基础上,该实验室重点解决了金属接触区复合的问题并对背面图形进行了细致的优化设计。值得一提的是,这是基于普通PERC电池生产线设备的工艺路线,和之前相比没有增加任何成本。

据天合光能介绍,这是国内首个自主研发在6英寸全面积上转换效率超过24%的晶体硅太阳电池。这一技术的突破,标志着世界领先水平的IBC电池产品离产业化又推进了一步。

[责任编辑:邹晨洁]

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